Human movement is facilitated by how conditioned the body is to allow movement and how much control in general the body has when moving the body. That is the basis of mobility. In a day to day basis, we are required to move up and about to perform our daily routines ranging from doing house chores, working to exercise. These are called functional movements.
All types of motions the body goes though are facilitated by the flexibility of the tissues supporting the joint and the control the body has of the joint facilitated by neuromuscular control. We depend on our bodies to take us through functional movements with ease regardless of how difficult the task may be. This is due to specific range of motions the joints to be achieved while executing functional tasks and the amount of neuromuscular control the tissues surrounding the joint has for the joint to be able to move in a specific direction.
As an infant, the larger population is born with appropriate basal joint flexibility. We tend to learn how to control the flexibility and gain the required mobility through motor development. These start with the basic gross motor skills to refined motor skills. Gross motor skills are large movements of the body which include sitting, walking, running and climbing stairs. Fine motor skills involve use of the small muscle groups for example movements of the fingers and hands. The more complicated our movements are when growing up the more refined our movements skills will be thus the more mobility we will possess. Apart from how physically active we’re raised; our jobs or daily routines have a role in how mobile we can get. People with physically active lifestyles tend to have more mobility while individuals with sedentary lifestyles might have lesser mobility. As a human age, their flexibility and mobility may vary depending on their daily activities.
A focus on mobility is essential since recent studies have shown mobility and cognitive function being the hallmark of ageing. This is the reason why to promote healthy ageing, we should focus on maximizing functional movements, maintaining functional movements to delay the decline of it for as long as possible. This is by including functional exercises in our daily work or workout routines. Remember functional movements are exercises that mirrors how the human body is meant to move thus making movements even easier. The best way to improve mobility is through practice and exploration. We are encouraged to be always moving and challenging our bodies for a healthier biological ageing.